The safety, regularity and efficiency of civil aviation and its facilities is measure to ensure the protection and safeguarding of passengers, flight crew, ground staff, the general public and civil aviation facilities against acts of unlawful interference perpetrated on the ground and in-flight.
The International Civil Aviation Organisation (ICAO), an agency of the United Nations, seeks to promote appropriate levels of aviation security throughout the global community. Through the medium of Annex 17 “Security” of the Convention on International Civil Aviation (Chicago Convention, 1944), ICAO promulgates Standards and Recommended Practices (SARPs) in respect of civil aviation security which, following the use of civil aircraft as a weapon of destruction have been enhanced in a number of areas.
Being a signatory to the Chicago Convention, Nepal is obliged to implement the Standards and Recommended Practices adopted by ICAO and signed Tokyo Convention 1963 (Convention on the offences and certain other acts committed on board aircraft), Hauge convention 1970 (Convention for suppression of unlawful seizure of aircraft), Montreal Convention 1971 (Convention for the suppression of unlawful Acts against the safety of civil aviation).
Functions and Responsibility: